There are different types of valves such as ball valves, pin valves, etc. There are different types of valves such as ball valves with other parts and styles and different working principle. A ball valve is a type of linear motion valve used to start, stop, and regulate the flow of fluid in a pipeline. The globe valve is not a directional valve, nor is it used in both directions.

There are three valve positions as:

  • It can completely block the road.
  • It can remove the flow path.
  • Between valve seat and rear seat to adjust fluid flow.

Principle of operation of the ball valve

Ball valve is the process that restricts the flow of liquid in the pipeline from any obstructing material which is known as disc. Turning the handle wheel clockwise will cause the valve plug and steam to move down through the fluid line. This can lead to a fluid plug with no signs of leakage.

By turning the handle wheel counterclockwise, the steam and valve plug will move up through the liquid flow line and the valve will open from the closed position, allowing liquid to flow through the valve.

How does a globe valve work?

We now know that it is used to regulate and shut off fluid. It can also work with the valve seat in the middle and parallel to the pipe. The opening in the seat will be closed using the disc. When the handle is turned, whether by hand or with the auxiliary actuator, the mechanism will lower or raise the disc using the valve stem. Fluid flow is completely blocked (shut off) when the disc is fully reduced.

Round valve parts

The manufacturer of ball valves makes the following ball valve parts:

· Hand wheel

The handwheel is mounted using the threaded stem on top of the nut. The operation of the valve is carried out by the rotating handwheel in a counterclockwise or clockwise direction.

· Bonne

The cap is among the outer parts of the valve connected to the body to provide a leak-tight closure. Different types of caps are used in different types of ball valves, such as screw, union or bolted. Each cover style comes with its own benefits.

The coupling cover, for example, not only adds strength to the body, but is also ideal for applications that require frequent cleaning or inspection. Thanks to its simple design, the screw cap offers a tight seal under pressure. The last type of caps will be bolted caps that are bolted on and are ideal for higher pressures.

· Gland packing

The gasket will form a tight seal between the valve stem and the bonnet. You can use it to keep fluid from leaking out of the valve stems. The gland ends of most of the valves are sealed until the valve stops flowing. The leak occurs due to loose packaging. A tight seal interferes with valve movement and can cause damage to the stem.

There are different types of packing available along with elastomers, PTFE, fibrous materials and others. The valve packaging and manufacturing design reduce the risk of stem damage and fluid leakage. It is imperative to keep in mind that packing too tightly can damage the stem.

· Seat ring

The seat is among the global components to seal the space between the stem and the hood. It can be screwed into the valve or rotated. Also known as a seat ring, it offers a stable and backup closing surface. The seat rings will be firmly attached to the cage.

· Stem

The valve stem is known for properly positioning the disc and offering the necessary disc, ball or plug movements to open or close the valve. It is a ball valve component connected to the handwheel of the valve actuator to transmit the actuating force.

The stem can connect the actuator to the parts within the valve among the main parts. The stem controlled by the actuator is smooth while the manual step valve is threaded.

· Disc

The disc or plug is also among the main parts of the valve components. It tends to move perpendicular to the seat and can block or release flow due to its functions as a movable physical barrier. When the valve is closed, it allows the material to flow. Various disc devices along with composite type, needle type are designed for the ball valves.

Hybrid disc comes with better closure while you need to use the ball in low temperature and low pressure systems. Compared to the other two, the needle disk offers better throttling.

· Body

The valve body is the main structure that holds everything together. It contains all the internal parts of the valve, allowing control of the substance to be regulated. The body port comes with the parts to allow fluid flow to the valve.

· Cell

It is designed to surround the foot and plug within the valve. The cell is among the control flow inside the valve. The material flow in the valve depends on the design and placement of the openings.

Using a globe valve

Assembly valves will be useful due to applications that help regulate flow, but constant fluid flow is not required. Below are examples of typical ball valve applications.

  • Water cooling systems in which the flow is regulated
  • A fluid system that regulates flow and offers leak protection capabilities is extremely important.
  • It is also used for chemical feed, feed water, extraction drainage, air extraction and other industries.

These are not all applications of the globe valve. Contact the manufacturer for more information.


You need to know all the essential information when choosing a ball valve for you. Remember to keep in mind that choosing the right type of valve is essential as it can be cost effective or expensive depending on how you use it and the type of valve you choose.

All About Globe Valve

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