In a wide range of industries, 5G technology is being adopted to enable local data management and fast data transfer.

In this blog you will learn more about what 5G is and how it uses high-performance peripherals to improve AI applications closer to the data source.

What is 5G?

5G is a fifth generation technology standard for broadband cellular networks. It is the successor to 4G technology, which is widely used today.

Most importantly, 5G uses software-defined networks (SDNs) that virtualize controllers to allow data packet management and routing through a centralized server, eliminating the need for expensive hardware.

Therefore, 5G is able to provide high data transfer speeds, reliability, low latency, huge network capacity and increased availability to improve connectivity, creating a more even experience for all users. And with less hardware compromise, data is redirected through virtual hubs that can be moved or changed quickly if needed.

Differences from 4G technology

There are some key differences between 5G and 4G technology:

  • 5G is much faster than 4G (up to 10 Gpbs, peak data rate and 100+ Mbps, average data rate) versus 1 Gbps per 4G.
  • 1 ms delay versus 10 ms in 4G.
  • 5G has a much higher capacity, about 100 times compared to 4G, along with much better network efficiency.
  • 5G can support all types of spectrum (licensed, shared, unlicensed) and bands (low below 1 GHz, medium from 1 GHz to 6 GHz), high or millimeter wave (mmWave), a wide range of deployment models (macro cells up to hotspots) and new ways to interconnect (device to device and multiple network).
  • 5G is 90% more efficient, which offers a drastic improvement in battery life, which is very important for mobile devices.

How does 5G work?

5G is based on OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing) and works on the same mobile network principles as 4G LTE.

OFDM is a method of taking a single data stream and dividing it into several separate streams for transmission over multiple channels.


The 5G NR (New Radio) air interface will further improve OFDM to provide much greater flexibility and scalability.

The new radio component allows 5G to be much more efficient than 4G LTE and offers much higher speeds and reliability with lower latency.

The future of 5G

By 2025, 5G is expected to have more than 1.7 billion subscribers, indicating that the technology is growing in popularity among the public and private sectors.

However, in order to enable full 5G power, there is a need for an infrastructure of nodes (servers / computers) to run AI (artificial intelligence) applications on the edge, which means closer to the data source and allowing local data management.

This includes high-performance computers. Let’s take a closer look.

5G technology and high performance Edge computers

Purpose

Simply put, peripheral calculations means that the data is processed close to the source.

In simple calculations, the data is usually sent from a device to a centralized data center for processing and then sent back to the device.

Edge computing speeds up the process by introducing server and data center capabilities into computing devices, such as computing power, storage capacity, and network bandwidth. In addition, processing data closer to the source makes it much easier to detect threats.

This is especially useful in a military environment, as fighters often need immediate, applicable insights to raise situational awareness and effectively track enemy threats so that they can take decisive action in a minimum of time.

For military and commercial purposes, bringing these capabilities to the brink means customizing robust, SWaP-C-optimized computing solutions to meet a myriad of technical, performance, and environmental specifications to ensure reliable performance in the harshest environments.

5G computer graphicsEdge computing speeds up data processing by introducing server and data center capabilities into computing devices, such as computing power, storage capacity, and network bandwidth.

Operating as endpoints, high-performance computers have enhanced computing, recording, and networking capabilities to run multiple virtualized applications and RAN (radio access network) infrastructures on the same hardware.

RAN is a network infrastructure consisting of base radio stations with large antennas that receive, process, convert and transmit radio signals to be forwarded to the core network.

vRAN, or virtualized RAN, is a critical component of 5G technology as it virtualizes hardware features to increase automation, flexibility, and adaptability in response to changing network conditions.

This is especially useful as devices are becoming more interconnected in the Internet of Things (IoT) and the amount of data generated on a daily basis by these and other devices has increased exponentially.

How does Trenton fit in?

5G technology poses some challenges when it comes to integrating with existing infrastructures and managing vast amounts of data, further emphasizing the need for reduced latency in critical applications.

Our hardware provides computing power, storage capacity and network bandwidth to manage the vast amounts of data that 5G will generate from a growing number of sensors and devices.

For the industrial and military sectors, this means bringing our capabilities to the tactical edge, where we enable 5G connectivity and processing of massive data inputs and outputs in harsh environments.

Our servers – or in this case the endpoints – allow private networks and apply virtualization to run multiple RAN infrastructures on the same hardware, which leads to the difference between IT and OT. (IT, information technology, applies to data, while OT, operational technology, applies to devices.)

We offer the ideal solutions for managing 5G network traffic between distributed servers that can collect and process large amounts of data. Here are two of our latest solutions to help improve AI on the edge anywhere, anytime:

1U BAM FM 1U BAM FM

Healthy, safe, Made in the USA modular blade server with wide configurability to improve AI / ML / DL peripheral real-time workloads.

3U BAM 3U BAM

Robust, optimized for SWaP-C rack mount a high performance server peripheral calculations and AI output across the modern battlefield.

In addition to reducing latency and unloading traffic from the core network, our systems help improve connectivity by supporting 5G technology, removing expensive hardware through virtualization capabilities, and allowing remote control via IPMI, reducing overall cost of ownership.

Extremely light and modular, we also allow quick installation and quick on-site implementation, reducing downtime and ensuring optimum performance.

Applications and uses

Overall, 5G connectivity will transform the way the military works by connecting sensors and weapons to help fighters understand, shape, and adapt to complex and congested physical and information environments.

The ultimate goal of 5G for the military is to provide real-time intelligence, creating an infosphere where data from sensors, targeting, surveillance and signals are easily accessible.

Let’s look at some potential applications and uses.

Electronic Warfare (EW)

A key component of EW is to use signals to attack the enemy and make sure that they cannot disrupt or use these signals themselves.

Pairing a 5G network that operates at a very high frequency (millimeters) with supported waveforms that have a very low probability of detection provides a competitive advantage.

In addition, 5G networks avoid interference from random or targeted signals that interfere, and even if there is some kind of interference, other 5G-powered technologies could help identify them.

5G and military useThe ultimate goal of 5G for the military is to provide real-time intelligence, creating an infosphere where data from sensors, targeting, surveillance and signals are easily accessible.

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

UAVs must maintain constant contact in order to change their performance and move through congested airspace.

With improved connectivity and lower latency, 5G allows UAVs to communicate instantly, sending real-time data to other vehicles, controllers and users, even in areas with limited connectivity.

Therefore, UAVs can fly BVLOS (beyond the line of sight) as they are able to provide real-time information about their environment, quickly receive and act on commands sent by a pilot or ground control system and, if necessary, change their mode of action.

For example, drones can provide a view of the current conditions on the battlefield and provide the control rooms with the necessary data to elicit an immediate response, reducing the margin of error.

Drones can also give an idea of ​​current air traffic levels and weather conditions, leading to fewer collisions and maintaining functionality.

C4ISR (command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, Surveillance, intelligence)

C4ISR systems require ever-increasing bandwidth to process, analyze, and propagate intelligence from a network of ground-based and airborne sensors.

Combined with AI, 5G can provide commanders with timely access to key intelligence and useful insights that raise awareness and reduce decision-making time.s.

For example, let’s say that the ICBM (Intercontinental Ballistic Missile) is aimed at the United States. 5G will be able to provide personnel in the command room with the information needed to effectively track and destroy the missile in seconds.

Last thoughts

At its core, 5G technology aims to create ubiquitous communications with the global network to bring edge processing to AI and operational decisions, raise awareness of the situation, reduce decision-making time and ensure optimal performance.

5G communications systems provide the more reliable, higher, secure, and ultra-low connectivity needed for end devices and platforms to take full advantage of AI’s power and deliver fast, decisive action in all areas of today’s battlefield.

By integrating 5G with existing military communications, fighters can achieve more efficient operations in the harshest environments and have access to mission data anywhere in the world.



https://www.trentonsystems.com/blog/5g-technology-and-hpc