The Biden administration has announced two new directives focusing on the inclusion of quantum computing technology in cybersecurity infrastructure and US policy, the latest federal action on emerging technologies.

Announced on Tuesday afternoon, the directives work to establish a government oversight board to advance quantum science and technological development, focusing on innovation in quantum computing technology in connection with cryptography.

“While the quantum itself is not new, recent developments in the field have shown the potential to stimulate innovation in the US economy, from energy to medicine, through advances in computing, networking and much like earlier technological revolutions caused by the Internet, GPS and even the internal combustion engine, “a senior administration official said in a background interview.

While the first directive designated an independent advisory body on quantum information science and technology. This council will work to disseminate knowledge of the latest developments in the quantum field to legislators and the general public and will guide policy-making. He will work just below the White House.

The second directive focuses on the intersection of quanta in national security. Called the Memorandum of National Security, it will act as a guide for agencies and other institutions to transfer their systems to become quantum sustainable.

Officials are urging digital networks to adapt to post-quantum cryptography standards, as a working quantum computer can use advanced algorithms to break through standard encryption.

“Given the complexity, cost and time required to fully transition to quantum resilience standards, the National Science Foundation provides a roadmap for agencies to inventory their IP system for quantum vulnerable cryptography,” the official said.

In recent years, quantum technology has attracted the attention of governments around the world. Although the use of technology can affect countless sectors, such as telecommunications and touch-based sensors, employees are concerned that a working quantum computer could undermine sensitive data through its powerful decryption algorithms.

Experts believe that a working quantum computer will work within five to 10 years.

Biden’s directives aim to launch a broad transition to post-quantum cryptography to protect national infrastructure ahead of time.

“There is a particular need for our national security community to prove quantum cryptography,” a spokesman said.

Earlier this year, the Biden administration unveiled a new educational initiative to help promote a quantum-ready workforce, along with the Trump administration’s previous national strategic plans published in 2018.

Congress followed suit, introducing a number of new laws aimed at promoting quantum research and standards for cryptography in the United States and protecting databases and infrastructure networks.

“The process of transitioning America’s most vulnerable IT systems to these new standards will take considerable time, resources and commitment,” said a spokesman for the Biden administration. “Accordingly, America must begin the long process of updating our IT infrastructure today to protect itself from this threat of quantum computing tomorrow.”



https://www.nextgov.com/emerging-tech/2022/05/white-house-issues-two-quantum-directives-set-bolster-american-infrastructure/366483/

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